What do you know about the teeth in puppies? And how is their shift?
Can you easily answer, for example, the following questions:
– when your puppy has teeth cut?
– how many teeth does a puppy have?
– when puppies change teeth?
– what teeth do puppies change?
– how many teeth does a dog have?
If you could not answer these questions or doubted the correctness of the answer, this article is for you!
When do puppies teether?
Puppies are born blind, deaf and toothless. This is a well-known fact.
In the third week of life, a puppy cuts its first teeth.
First, fangs appear on the gums. A total of four – two on the upper and lower jaw.
At about a month of age , incisors (front teeth) begin to appear, of which there are six pieces on each jaw.
By two months, premolars gradually begin to be added to already formed milky incisors and canines.
Premolars are so-called “false-molded” teeth that are located on the sides of the jaw. In an adult dog, there are 8 of them on the upper and lower jaws (4 on each side).
However, the puppy has the first premolars that follow the canines (above and below) are missing! If a puppy has this “extra” premolar, this is considered a pathology.
How many teeth does a puppy have?
We have already said that a puppy appears completely toothless.
Starting at about one month of age, milk teeth begin to erupt.
At two months, the “set” of teeth in a puppy includes 28 milk teeth (in small / decorative breeds) and 32 teeth (in large / service puppies).
Each jaw contains 14 milk teeth each for this age – 6 incisors, 2 canines and 6 premolars. Due to the absence of the first (immediately following the canine) premolar, their “milky” number of premolars is less than that of an adult dog by 2 per jaw (see the diagram of the teeth of an adult dog below).
A puppy’s milk teeth do not have roots, so they serve not for long, are replaced with permanent ones over time. Baby teeth are smaller and thinner than the molars. Outwardly, they resemble needles. Initially, the milk teeth grow in a dense row, but over time, as the jaws grow, the gaps between them increase.
Permanent molars grow in the bone section of the upper and lower jaw. Milk teeth fall out at the same time, so they do not need any special care.
How many teeth does an adult dog have?
A complete set of teeth for an adult dog includes 42 teeth – 20 of them are on the upper jaw and 22 on the bottom.
Depending on the location in the jaw structure and purpose of the dog teeth are divided into four groups:
– incisors (front teeth) – serve to skusyvaniya small pieces of meat with bones and as a means of self-care
– teeth (very long and sharp teeth) – for tearing large pieces, and also as a weapon,
– premolars (pseudo-rooted teeth) – are used to tear off and grind food,
– molars (molars) – are needed to crush bones.
The number of molars on the lower and upper jaws of the dog is different.
When do puppies change teeth?
Changing teeth in puppies is a natural biological process. However, a caring owner must follow how it happens. This will allow checking: whether the puppy has milk teeth in time, whether the bite is formed correctly and, if necessary, visit the veterinarian.
A puppy’s teeth change begins at the age of four months.
How is the change of teeth in puppies?
Milk incisors begin to fall out first (in 3-4 months).
The situation in the dog’s mouth is changing rapidly.
For comparison, I will show you two photos taken with a difference of five days:
Premolars change from dairy to indigenous at the age of 4-5 months. Fangs
change takes about 6-7 months. And the most recent, by 9 months, the back teeth, molars, erupt. These are truly rooted teeth, which are only found in adult dogs. Molars have no milk analogs.
Symptoms of changing teeth in puppies
Carefully watching the behavior of your pet, you can almost accurately determine that it is time to change teeth.
If your puppy has become restless and all the while dragging something in his mouth to nibble, it means that his milk teeth will soon begin to falter and fall out. From the discomfort that occurs in this period in the gums, sometimes the baby can, for no apparent reason, begin to whine and growl. In some cases, the puppy’s body temperature may slightly increase. Sometimes during this period, the puppy has diarrhea.
During the period of changing primary teeth to molar teeth, you should regularly examine the oral cavity in your puppy so that if necessary, you can seek help from a veterinarian.
How to help a puppy when changing teeth
What should be done:
1. The first thing I have already said above – be especially careful and caring during this period. Try to spend more time with your puppy, watch for changes in the state of his jaws.
2. To relieve pain in the gums, you can often give your puppy a variety of soft delicacies – crisps, sticks, rubber bites. Puppies love to gnaw fresh carrots, apples or cucumbers – an excellent vitamin delicacy! To massage the gums, I give my dogs nibble on raw chicken necks. It is tasty, pleasant and healthy!
3. If during the inspection you find a loose tooth in the dog’s mouth, you may try to remove it with your hands. To do this, you need to clasp the tooth through a clean soft cloth and make easy swinging movements with your hand. If the tooth is not separated from the gums, force can not be applied!
4. Remember that when changing teeth, the dog’s immunity may weaken. If possible, wait a while with vaccination during this period, do not overcool the dog and do not exert great physical exertion.
5. During the period of teeth change in puppies it is forbidden to play in the waist . Make sure your puppy also does not play in the waist with other dogs. You can not pull toys or objects from his clenched jaws.