Caring for a dog for a caring owner means, among other things, constant attention to the well-being of your pet. Because if suddenly our beloved four-legged friend gets sick, we are ready to immediately run to show him to the vet.
However, even an experienced, understanding and attentive owner can sometimes miss some of the hidden signs of illness in dogs if their symptoms are not straightforward. Today’s material is written with the aim of focusing your attention on some such “beacons”, which can be used to determine that a dog is unwell.
Let’s analyze the main ones together.
Diseases of dogs by symptoms:
If increased fluid intake is not associated with high temperature in the room or excessively over-salted food, thirst can be a sign of an increased amount of toxins in the body or endocrine disruption. Another serious disease in which this symptom occurs is renal failure, leading to severe lesions of the urinary system and even the death of a pet. In any case, if the thirst did not pass within a day or two, we advise you to immediately show the dog to the vet.
Often, increased thirst is accompanied by frequent urination. Ignoring this symptom is difficult, but most owners do not consider it a sign of a serious illness. In fact, this phenomenon may be a sign of cystitis (if the urge is frequent, and the amount of urine given off is insignificant) or urinary incontinence.
Pallor or even cyanosis of the mucous membranes.
Such a symptom, as a rule, is accompanied by weakness and the appearance of a staggering gait. If at the same time you notice that your dog’s stomach is increasing in volume – without losing a minute, go to the vet. All these are signs of severe internal bleeding, which can be spent on a watch for life.
Lack of appetite.
Here is a really serious symptom for the responsible owner. The first thing to do if a dog refuses to eat is to examine the animal’s body in search of a tick, because lack of appetite and lethargy are among the first signs of piroplasmosis. However, even if you do not find the parasite, you should not relax – carefully watch the dog and, noticing other signs of ill health, immediately rush to the doctor. For the sake of justice, it must be said that our beloved pets often refuse food, even being completely healthy. It is possible that the dog simply decided to arrange a fasting day.
Increased appetite, accompanied by a sharp emaciation of the animal.
It may be a sign of diabetes or worms invasion. In the first case, the pet needs carefully calculated insulin therapy, and in the second you have to rid it of internal parasites.
Hair loss throughout the body and the appearance of coarse dandruff.
These symptoms of demodicosis can also be accompanied by itching and general nervousness of the dog. Having noticed one or several similar signs, hand over a deep scraping from the pet’s skin to the veterinary laboratory – the treatment directly depends on the type and number of demodectic mites that hit the dog.
Frequent urge to vomit and loose stools, especially on an empty stomach.
Often, the owners do not pay attention to vomiting and diarrhea, justifying this by the banal overeating or ingestion of not quite fresh food. In fact, such symptoms, repeated with enviable regularity, most often indicate such severe lesions of the digestive system as gastritis, pancreatitis or cholecystitis. Despite the fact that the instant death of your pet is not threatened, it would be nice to see a doctor as soon as possible and prescribe treatment with the help of enzymes.
Enhanced saliva secretion can be observed with sun or heat stroke, as well as injuries of the tongue and mouth. Another reason for this phenomenon is the ingestion of a foreign body into the dog’s stomach – in this case, frequent regurgitation of freshly eaten food and water is also present.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes.
In addition to contact with a foreign body or a staph infection, eye inflammation may be a sign of liver disease or gallbladder pathologies. If all sorts of eye treatments do not work, try looking at the liver counts in the tests and, if necessary, start treating this vital organ.
In addition to the expected bruise or fracture, the dog may limp in such an insidious and inconspicuous disease as arthritis. In this case, this symptom occurs in wet cold weather or in the case of a sharp overcooling of the animal. If your four-legged friend runs, joining the hind legs together like a hare, this is a clear symptom of hip dysplasia, an incurable hereditary disease that needs lifelong therapy.
Cough and impaired respiratory function, especially in an elderly dog.
Such symptoms signal acute or chronic heart failure, as well as fluid accumulation in the chest.
Purulent discharge from the loop.
Most owners know how dangerous pyometra is – purulent inflammation of the uterus in dogs. And that the first sign of this disease are purulent discharge from the vagina in a bitch. However, few people are able to notice such a symptom in time, paying little attention to what is being done under the tail of a beloved dog.
The animal behaves restlessly at night, whining, or walking in circles around the room.
Such signs are not at all a whim, but rather well-known symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. It can be observed after epileptic seizures, trauma or in case of problems with the heart or vessels. You can diagnose this condition with a CT scan or an MRI scan performed at all major veterinary clinics.
An animal that does not bother, rests, as well as moves, naturally. The dog sleeps, curled up in a tight tangle, when it is cold and stretches the limbs in a warm room. In any pain syndrome, the animal takes a forced posture in which the pain is reduced and the unpleasant symptoms disappear. Having noticed that your pet is sleeping or walking differently than before, be sure to show it to the vet, maybe something is very disturbing.
Yellowness of mucous membranes and skin.
This symptom is difficult to notice, especially on black suit animals. However, the attentive owner will pay attention, then the sclera of the eyes and gums of the pet acquired an unhealthy yellowish color. Most often, such jaundice is provoked by liver diseases, up to cirrhosis, so do not delay the visit to the vet. However, a similar sign may occur for quite an innocent reason. The yellowness of the skin of the animal may indicate an excess of carotene in the body. Of course, any hypervitaminosis is unpleasant and requires correction of nutrition, however, compared to cirrhosis, it is quite innocent.
A dog devouring any inedible objects is most often provoked not by a lack of upbringing, as some people think, but by serious health problems. Most likely your pet is disturbed by digestive disorders, however, the perverted appetite can be a sign of more serious diseases – for example, rabies.
Most of the above symptoms may well have a harmless nature, not being signs of serious diseases. However, the health of your beloved pet is not a topic for guessing or hoping for. Seeing any of them or feeling that the dog’s behavior has changed – immediately show it to the doctor. Even if the alarm was false, you will get rid of anxiety, and the slightest unpleasant surprise will not take you by surprise.